Four of the panels
showthe following symbols:
• A and O -
Alpha and Omega which are the first and last letters
of the Greek alphabet, meaning the beginning and the
• IHS or
IHC - the first three letters of the Greek for
• XP - the first
two letters of the Greek word for Christ (XPICTOC)
• The Star of David
A Double Trinity Star showing that God is triune
(three-in-one) - Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
The other four symbols became associated with the four
Gospel Writers, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Each of
the symbols is shown with wings.
• The Man represents
the Gospel of St Matthew.
• The Lion represents
the Gospel of St Mark.
• The Ox or Calf,
the sacrificial victim, represents the Gospel of St
• The Eagle
stands for the Gospel of St John.
These symbols were developed as a way of helping people
to remember the different Gospels at a time when most
people could not read.